Hepatitis B Test Kit (HBV 5-in-1)

RM30.00

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Description

KIT UJIAN DARAH HEPATITIS B – 5 Dalam 1

The reagent is used for the qualitative detection and laboratory screening of hepatitis B virus markers
(HBsAg HBsAb HBeAg HBeAb HBcAb) in serum/plasma and whole blood.

Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which affects the liver. It can cause both acute and chronic infections. Many people have no symptoms during infection. Some develop a rapid onset of sickness with vomiting, yellow skin, feeling tired, dark urine and abdominal pain. It may take 30 to 180 days for symptoms to begin. Cirrhosis and liver cancer may eventually develop. These complications results in the death of 15 to 25% of those with chronic disease.
About a third of the world population has been infected at one point in their lives, including 240 million to 350 million who have chronic infections.Over 750,000 people die of hepatitis B each year. The disease is now only common in East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa where between 5 and 10% of adults are chronically infected.

The virus is transmitted by exposure to infectious blood or body fluids. Infection around the time of birth or from contact with other people’s blood during childhood is the most frequent method by which hepatitis B is acquired in areas where the disease is common. In areas where the disease is rare, intravenous drug use and sexual intercourse are the most frequent routes of infection. Other risk factors include working in healthcare, blood transfusions, dialysis, living with an infected person, travel in countries where the infection rate is high, and living in an institution.

 

Storage and Expiry
Store as packaged in the sealed pouch at 4-30°C, avoid hot and sunshine, dry place, valid for 24 months.

DO NOT FREEZE. Some protective measures should be taken in hot summer and cold winter to avoid high temperature or freeze-thaw.

 

Sample Requirement
1. Collect venous blood a clean and dry container according to the standard method. Separate the serum or plasma for testing. EDTA, sodium citrate, sodium oxalate, heparin can be used as the anticoagulants
2. After collection, separate the serum and plasma as soon as possible, in order to avoid hemolysis. (only for serum/plasma test kit)
3. Use fresh samples. Samples may be stored at 2-8℃ for 3 days, and should be stored at -20 ℃ if cannot be tested immediately. Do not freeze and thaw the sample repeatedly.

 

Test Procedure
Instructions must be read entirely before taking the test. Allow the test device controls to equilibrate to room temperature for 30 minutes (20℃-30℃) prior to testing. Do not open the inner packaging until ready, it must be used in one hour if opened (Humidity: 20%~90%, Temp: 10℃-50℃)
1. Take off the outer packing, put the cassette onto the desk with the sample window up.
2. Open the alcohol pad, use the alcohol pad to disinfect the finger where to be prinked. (Note: Before blood collection, make sure the finger is clean and dry)
3. Open a lancet and prick the finger, collect blood with a pipette.
4. Drop 2 drops (50μl-60μl) of serum/plasma/whole blood vertically into each sample hole of cassette with a pipette. Add about 2 drop of buffer (55-60μl) sample buffer from the centrifuge tube with the other pipette into each sample hole of cassette.
5. Observe the test results immediately within 15-20 minutes, the result is invalid over 20 minutes.

hepatitis-b-test-kit-malaysia

 

Result Judgment
HBsAg HBsAb HBeAg:
POSITIVE: Two distinct red lines appear. One line should be in the control region (C) and the other line should be in the test region (T).
NEGATIVE: One red line appears in the control region(C). No apparent red or pink line appears in the test region (T).
INVALID: No red lines appear or control line fails to appear, indicating that the operator error or reagent failure. Verify the test procedure and repeat the test with a new testing device.

hepatitis-b-result1

 

 

HBeAb HBcAb:
POSITIVE: One red line appears in the control region(C). No apparent red or pink line appears in the test region (T).
NEGATIVE:. Two distinct red lines appear. One line should be in the control region (C) and the other line should be in the test region (T).
INVALID: No red lines appear or control line fails to appear, indicating that the operator error or reagent failure. Verify the test procedure and repeat the test with a new testing device.

hepatitis-b-result2

Precaution
1. The test result is invalid over 20 minutes, do not use after the expiration.
2. Samples may be stored at 2-8℃ for 3 days, and should be stored at -20 ℃ if cannot be tested immediately. Do not freeze and thaw the sample repeatedly.
3. The strength of the quality control line doesn’t indicate the quality problem of the reagent, a test result that is clearly visible demonstrates the reagent is effective.
4. Both deep and light color may occur during the test, even a very light brand during observation time should be judged as negative a result.
5. If the filtration speed is very slow or even no filtration occurs, please change the sample and test again.
6. Do not use other kinds of quality control sample to test the reagent. Components of different batches cannot be exchanged for use to avoid erroneous results.

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