Urinalysis Urine Test Strips H12-MA
UTIs, diabetes, kidney disease…there are many reasons why you might need to test your urine
Measures 12 Different Components of Urine
Micro albumin: tests for early nephropathy (early kidney disease).
Leukocytes: aka white blood cells. Also indicates presence of infection.
Nitrites: may be a sign of urinary tract infection or other infection.
Urobilinogen: checks for liver disease.
Protein: tests for kidney function.
pH: measures urine acidity, associated with higher risk for kidney stones.
Blood: can result from infection, injury, inflammation, kidney stones or cancer.
Specific gravity: evaluates the body’s water balance and urine concentration.
Ascorbate: this test reveals the concentration of ascorbic acid in urine which varies with the
intake. It is approximately half of the intake.
Ketones: caused by disorders of increased metabolism; also by unbalanced diets such as
high protein/low carb, anorexia or fasting.
Bilirubin: could indicate liver or gallbladder problems such as gallstones, hepatitis, cirrhosis or
Glucose: the most common test for diabetes
Reagent Strips Urine Test Strips
Why Test your Urine For Urobilinogen?
When abnormal values of urobilinogen is found during a urine test, further investigation is required to ascertain your true health status.
Normal urobilinogen range in urine
- less than 17 umol/l (< 1mg/dl)
Urobilinogen measuring range
- 0 – 8 mg/dl
Levels of urobilinogen in the urine
- In the intestines bacteria form urobilinogen from bilirubin.
- This is then absorbed and passes to the liver and urine.
Abnormal urobilinogen values may indicative of
- Increased values
- overburdening of the liver
- excessive RBC breakdown
- increased urobilinogen production
- re-absorption – a large hematoma
- restricted liver function
- hepatic infection
- liver cirrhosis
- Low values
- failure of bile production
- obstruction of bile passage
Why Test your Urine For Bilirubin?
When bilirubin is found during a urine test, further investigation is required to ascertain your true health status.
Normal bilirubin range in urine
- up to 3 umol/l
- negative, +, ++, +++
Bilirubin levels in urine
- Hemoglobin (haemoglobin) breakdown results in bilirubin production. In the liver, bilirubin is conjugated to an acid to make conjugated bilirubin.
- Unconjugated bilirubin is water soluble and can therefore be excreted in urine.
Abnormal bilirubin values may indicative of
- Pre-hepatic (unconjugated bilirubin therefore does not appear in urine)
- excessive breakdown of RBC
- obstruction of biliary duct
- toxic liver damage
- biliary tree obstruction
Why Test your Urine For Ketone?
Your body cells use sugar for energy. Insulin must be present for your body cells to use sugar for energy. When there is not enough insulin present your cells cannot use sugar to obtain the energy they need. If your body cannot get energy from sugar, fat is used instead. When fat is broken down, ketone are made. Ketone are strong acids and are harmful to your body. Ketone in your urine may be a sign that you are developing diabetic ketoacidosis.
When should you test your urine for ketone?
- If you are currently participate in a weight loss program, testing the Ketone content in your urine from time to time able to help you to track closely the sugar content and fat content in your body after exercise (To track whether the exercise program that you are participating is helping you effectively reduce of your body fat or not)
- If your blood sugar tests are higher than 250 mg/dL for two or more tests in a row.
- If you are feeling like your blood sugar is high.
- If you think you have an infection.
- If you are throwing up or feel sick to your stomach.
- If you are ill or stressed.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you should always have a supply of the strips used for urine ketone testing and know how to use them.
If you have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor or nurse will tell you if you need to do urine ketone testing.
If you are pregnant your doctor or nurse will tell you when to test your urine for ketone.
The urine ketone test will tell you whether you have no ketones present or if you have trace, small, moderate, or large ketones present.
If your urine has moderate or Large ketones present, call your doctor or nurse right away.
Follow the directions for testing exactly and time the test accurately. Read the directions before doing the test. Protect the test strips from damage that might change the results.
Do not touch the test area of the strip or allow it to touch the table.
Protect the test strips from moisture, direct sunlight and heat. Keep the test strips in a cool, dry place but do not store in the refrigerator. Do not remove desiccant (white packet in bottle). Replace the bottle cap promptly and tightly.
Check the expiration date on your test strips. Do not use if the date has passed. Use the strips within 6 months after first opening the bottle.
Do not use test strips that have discolored.
Why Test your Urine For Blood?
When you find blood or hemoglobin (haemoglobin) during a urine test, further investigation is required to ascertain your true health status.
Normal blood range in urine
- less than 3 ery/ul
Blood / hemoglobin (haemoglobin) measuring range
- blood 5 – 250 ery/ul
- hemoglobin (haemoglobin) 10 – 250 ery/ul
Blood cells / haemoglobin levels in urine
- Detections of blood cells or hemoglobin (haemoglobin) in urine as it is of pathological significance
Abnormal blood / hemoglobin (haemoglobin) values may indicative of
- Hematuria (haematuria) (blood in urine)
- kidney and bladder calculi
- damage to kidney or urinary tract
- Hemaglobinuria (haemaglobinuria) (hemoglobin in urine)
- breakdown of red blood cells
- myocardial infarct
- muscle damage
Why Test your Urine For Protein?
This test is most often performed to detect the kidney disease and you will need to cousult doctor immediately when you discovered large amount of protein shown in the test result.
Normally, protein is not found in urine when a routine dipstick test is performed. However, tiny amounts of protein can be detected using special methods. This is because the kidney is supposed to keep large substances like protein in the blood. Even if small amounts of protein do get through, the body normally reabsorbs them.
Some proteins will appear in the urine if the levels of protein in blood become high, even when the kidney is working properly.
If the kidney is diseased, protein will appear in the urine even if blood protein levels are normal.
Small increases in urine protein levels are usually not a cause for concern.
However, larger amounts of protein in the urine may be due to:
- Bladder tumor
- Congestive heart failure
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Goodpasture syndrome
- Heavy metal poisoning
- Kidney-damaging drugs (nephrotoxic drugs)
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Urinary tract infection
Why Test your Urine For Nitrite?
When nitrites are found during a urine test, further investigation is required to ascertain your true health status.
Normal nitrite range in urine
- Negative or positive
Nitrite levels in urine
- Any pink discoloration of the test pad indicates a positive reaction
Abnormal nitrite values may indicative of
- Urinary tract infection
- Bacterial infection
- E Coli
Why Test your Urine For Leukocytes?
If leukocytes (white blood cells) are found during a urine test, further investigation is required to ascertain your true health status.
Using a urine test is a quick and inexpensive way to check for leukocytes in your urine, and is one of our test kit products that can be done in the privacy of your home.
Normal leukocytes range in urine
- 0 – 10 leu/ul
- 0 – 500leu/ul
Leukocytes levels in urine
- This test indicates whether white blood cells are present in urine.
- pathological concentration: more than 20 leu/ul.
Abnormal leukocytes values may indicative of
- Cardinal symptom of urinary tract infection
- kidney infection
- vaginal secretion
Why Test your Urine For Glucose?
The glucose urine test measures the amount of sugar (glucose) in a urine sample. The presence of glucose in the urine is called glycosuria or glucosuria. The main purpose of this Glucose Urine Test is use to track the existence and level of Diabetes.
Glucose is not usually found in urine. If it is, further testing is needed.
Normal glucose range in urine: 0 – 0.8 mmol/l (0 – 15 mg/dL)
Greater than normal levels of glucose may occur with:
Diabetes, although blood glucose tests are needed to diagnose diabetes. Small increases in urine glucose levels after a large meal are not always a cause for concern.
A rare condition in which glucose is released from the kidneys into the urine, even when blood glucose levels are normal (renal glycosuria)
Pregnancy — up to half of women will have glucose in their urine at some point during pregnancy. Glucose in the urine may mean that a woman has gestational diabetes.
Glucose will only show up in the urine once it has reached high levels in the blood.
Diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood.
There are three major types of diabetes. The causes and risk factors are different for each type:
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults. In this disease, the body makes little or no insulin. Daily injections of insulin are needed. The exact cause is unknown.
Type 2 diabetes makes up most of diabetes cases. It most often occurs in adulthood, but teens and young adults are now being diagnosed with it because of high obesity rates. Many people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it.
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops at any time during pregnancy in a woman who does not have diabetes.
There is no cure for diabetes. Treatment involves medicines, diet, and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent symptoms and problems.
Why Test your Urine For Specific Gravity?
When looking at the results of an urine test which tested the specific gravity of urine a person could deduce certain information regarding the health of the test subject, but any such deductions should be confirmed by further tests.
Normal specific gravity range in urine
- 1.020 -1.030 g/ml
The range of the specific gravity tested
- 1.005 – 1.030 g/ml
The results of specific gravity levels in urine
- Shows the concentrating and diluting ability of the kidneys.
Abnormal specific gravity values may indicative of
- Reduced specific gravity
- diabetes insipidus
- certain renal diseases
- excess fluid intake
- diabetes mellitus
- Raised specific gravity
- adrenal insufficiency
- congestive cardiac-failure
- liver disease
- Constant specific gravityli>
- chronic renal disorder
Why Test your Urine For Ascorbate?
When Ascorbate reading is increasing during a urine test for long term testing (if the ascorbate reading increasing in test result every 2 weeks for continuously 2 – 3 months ), further investigation is required to ascertain your true health status. It is exposed to high possibility of kidney stone
In user is healthy, the ascorbate reading shall show as 0. If the ascorbate reading keep on appear for long term, the user may expose to risk that get worsen test result for Glucose, Nitrite, Protein, Blood and Bilirubin
Why Test your Urine For Microalbumin?
A microalbumin test checks urine for the presence of a protein called albumin. Albumin is normally found in the blood and filtered by the kidneys. When the kidneys camera.gif are working properly, albumin is not present in the urine. But when the kidneys are damaged, small amounts of albumin leak into the urine. This condition is called microalbuminuria.
Microalbuminuria is most often caused by kidney damage from diabetes. But many other conditions can lead to kidney damage, such as high blood pressure, heart failure, cirrhosis, or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). If early kidney damage is not treated, larger amounts of albumin and protein may leak into the urine. This condition is called macroalbuminuria or proteinuria. When the kidneys spill protein, it can mean serious kidney damage is present. This can lead to chronic kidney disease. A microalbumin urine test can be done on a sample of urine collected randomly (usually after the first time you urinate in the morning), a sample collected over a 24-hour period, or a sample collected over a specific period of time, such as 4 hours or overnight.