Glucose, pH, Protein, Ketone and Blood Test Strips 5K
Urine test strips for Glucose, pH, Protein, Ketone and Blood Test Strips 5K
Why Test your Urine For Glucose?
The glucose urine test measures the amount of sugar (glucose) in a urine sample. The presence of glucose in the urine is called glycosuria or glucosuria. The main purpose of this Glucose Urine Test is use to track the existence and level of Diabetes.
Glucose is not usually found in urine. If it is, further testing is needed.
Normal glucose range in urine: 0 – 0.8 mmol/l (0 – 15 mg/dL)
Greater than normal levels of glucose may occur with:
Diabetes, although blood glucose tests are needed to diagnose diabetes. Small increases in urine glucose levels after a large meal are not always a cause for concern.
A rare condition in which glucose is released from the kidneys into the urine, even when blood glucose levels are normal (renal glycosuria)
Pregnancy — up to half of women will have glucose in their urine at some point during pregnancy. Glucose in the urine may mean that a woman has gestational diabetes.
Glucose will only show up in the urine once it has reached high levels in the blood.
Diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood.
There are three major types of diabetes. The causes and risk factors are different for each type:
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults. In this disease, the body makes little or no insulin. Daily injections of insulin are needed. The exact cause is unknown.
Type 2 diabetes makes up most of diabetes cases. It most often occurs in adulthood, but teens and young adults are now being diagnosed with it because of high obesity rates. Many people with type 2 diabetes do not know they have it.
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops at any time during pregnancy in a woman who does not have diabetes.
There is no cure for diabetes. Treatment involves medicines, diet, and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent symptoms and problems.
Why Test your Urine For Blood?
When you find blood or hemoglobin (haemoglobin) during a urine test, further investigation is required to ascertain your true health status.
Normal blood range in urine
- less than 3 ery/ul
Blood / hemoglobin (haemoglobin) measuring range
- blood 5 – 250 ery/ul
- hemoglobin (haemoglobin) 10 – 250 ery/ul
Blood cells / haemoglobin levels in urine
- Detections of blood cells or hemoglobin (haemoglobin) in urine as it is of pathological significance
Abnormal blood / hemoglobin (haemoglobin) values may indicative of
- Hematuria (haematuria) (blood in urine)
- kidney and bladder calculi
- damage to kidney or urinary tract
- Hemaglobinuria (haemaglobinuria) (hemoglobin in urine)
- breakdown of red blood cells
- myocardial infarct
- muscle damage
Why Test your Urine For Protein?
This test is most often performed to detect the kidney disease and you will need to cousult doctor immediately when you discovered large amount of protein shown in the test result.
Normally, protein is not found in urine when a routine dipstick test is performed. However, tiny amounts of protein can be detected using special methods. This is because the kidney is supposed to keep large substances like protein in the blood. Even if small amounts of protein do get through, the body normally reabsorbs them.
Some proteins will appear in the urine if the levels of protein in blood become high, even when the kidney is working properly.
If the kidney is diseased, protein will appear in the urine even if blood protein levels are normal.
Small increases in urine protein levels are usually not a cause for concern.
However, larger amounts of protein in the urine may be due to:
- Bladder tumor
- Congestive heart failure
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Goodpasture syndrome
- Heavy metal poisoning
- Kidney-damaging drugs (nephrotoxic drugs)
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Urinary tract infection
Why Test your Urine For Ketone?
Your body cells use sugar for energy. Insulin must be present for your body cells to use sugar for energy. When there is not enough insulin present your cells cannot use sugar to obtain the energy they need. If your body cannot get energy from sugar, fat is used instead. When fat is broken down, ketone are made. Ketone are strong acids and are harmful to your body. Ketone in your urine may be a sign that you are developing diabetic ketoacidosis.
When should you test your urine for ketone?
- If you are currently participate in a weight loss program, testing the Ketone content in your urine from time to time able to help you to track closely the sugar content and fat content in your body after exercise (To track whether the exercise program that you are participating is helping you effectively reduce of your body fat or not)
- If your blood sugar tests are higher than 250 mg/dL for two or more tests in a row.
- If you are feeling like your blood sugar is high.
- If you think you have an infection.
- If you are throwing up or feel sick to your stomach.
- If you are ill or stressed.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you should always have a supply of the strips used for urine ketone testing and know how to use them.
If you have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor or nurse will tell you if you need to do urine ketone testing.
If you are pregnant your doctor or nurse will tell you when to test your urine for ketone.
How do you test your urine for Glucose, Blood, Protein, Ketone, pH Test Strips 5K?
- Dip the test end of the strip into fresh urine.
- Remove the strip from the urine and wait 15 seconds.
- Compare the color on the strip with the color chart on the bottle.
The urine Glucose, Blood, Protein, Ketone, pH Test Strips Urine will tell you whether you have no Glucose, Blood, Protein, Ketone, pH Test Strips 5K present or if you have trace, small, moderate, or large Protein and Glucose present.
If your urine has moderate or large Glucose, Blood, Protein or Ketone present, call your doctor or nurse right away.
- Follow the directions for testing exactly and time the test accurately.
- Read the directions before doing the test.
- Protect the test strips from damage that might change the results.
- Do not touch the test area of the strip or allow it to touch the table.
- Protect the test strips from moisture, direct sunlight and heat.
- Keep the test strips in a cool, dry place but do not store in the refrigerator.
- Do not remove desiccant (white packet in bottle).
- Replace the bottle cap promptly and tightly.
- Check the expiration date on your test strips.
- Keep lid close tightly to keep long
- Do not use if the date has passed.
- Do not use test strips that have discolored.